Maraş

When & Where In December 1978, violence broke out in the city of Maras. Reports indicate that 109 were killed, 176 injured, and 500 shops and homes were destroyed. The vic

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When & Where In December 1978, violence broke out in the city of Maras. Reports indicate that 109 were killed, 176 injured, and 500 shops and homes were destroyed. The victims were mainly Alevi Kurdish who lived in the slums. Horrific tales of gruesome killings of children, pregnant women, and their fetuses, and many other adult men and women are recounted by witnesses to the atrocity. Even the murderous removal of the injured from hospitals has been told. Many burnings of homes, some with occupants still inside, were additionally accounted for.Additional and related violent outbreaks occurred in nearby cities and villages for the next eight and a half months, resulting in the lost lives of 3,856 people.

 How & Why  The attacks in Maras were motivated by a mixture of political, religious, socio-economic, and ethnic issues. The primary attackers were a group known as the Greywolves.Before the attacks began, many local Turks allegedly incited anger against the Alevi Kurds in the area.The prime minister at that time reacted to the massacre by putting the entire Kurdistan region of Turkey under martial law

 

Long-Term Effects

The Kurdish people are still being slandered and violently targeted because of ethnic heritage. Additionally, many feel that those responsible for the 1978 Maras massacre have been never fully punished, nor adequately investigated. One witness claims there is a file of various evidence accrued by a local lawyer, who was later killed, that would disclose government's role, if any, in the violence.

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